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Noun gender in Spanish: General rule

To know the gender of the nouns in Spanish is crucial because all articles, adjectives, pronouns... need to agree with the noun in gender when you are making a sentence.
Also, in terms of agreement, the masculine noun goes with El and the feminine noun goes with La, like in 
El libro / La hoja 
[We are always talking about the singular form]
We already talked about an acronym than can help us remembering which ones are masculine and feminine: LONERS. This is certainly a very useful tool to learn this important concept when learning Spanish, but as we always say there are no magic tricks when learning languages but there are patterns that can help us in the process.
The most general rule is simple and easy as you can see in the poster we present in this post. 


  • masculine nouns end in -o
  • feminine nouns end in -a

Masculine nouns
Feminine nouns
El perro
La perra
El gato
La gata
El niño
La niña
El chico
La chica
El abuelo
La abuela
El tío
La tía
El primo
La prima
El nieto
La nieta
El sobrino
La sobrina
El cuñado
La cuñada
Do this online activity to check if you understood what we talked about:
Check your answers ;)

Related posts:
Education is not the learning of facts,
but the training of the mind to think.
Albert Einstein

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