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El imperativo

What do we use "Imperativo" for? 
To command something to someone.
This topic can be covered at the very beginning of the school year. I actually do it pretty soon because I usually use it to teach my students how to come up with their own class rules in Spanish.

Along with this, we work with the song La flaca [Andrés Calamaro] to internalize these structures. These lyrics are formidable to work on Commands in Spanish. There is a very interesting packet available online to work along with the song [B1 CEFR]. The melody of this song is also very sticky and help the students memorize these forms. 
Activity: From this verse [below] Find the command forms in Spanish and tell me if they are affirmative or negative.


Flaca [Andrés Calamaro]
Aunque casi me equivoco y te digo poco a poco
no me mientas, no me digas la verdad
no te quedes callada, no levantes la voz
ni me pidas perdón.





Activity: Home connection.
Look at the image provided in this post. Those are personal reminders for me [Levántate, Sueña, Lucha...] think of your own personal and if you want/need private reminders write them down and put them up in your desk so when you are studying or doing something else you can always see them and remember your own personal goals.

There are also resources at the bottom of this post [in Resources] that will help you explain commands to your class, worksheets, visual activities... don't miss them out!

The activity ¡A los pasillos! is usually very attractive for the students because it includes a scavenger hunt and their own interpretation of an image, creativity. Give it a try and get back to me with your students impressions!

Some of most important irregularities when using commands in Spanish can be found in the table below:


InfinitivoAfirmativoNegativo
decir
hacer
poner
salir
ser
tener
valer
venir
di
haz
pon
sal

ten
val
ven
no digas
no hagas
no pongas
no salgas
no seas
no tengas
no valgas
no vengas

Sometimes we can also use the infinitive as a command in Spanish. They are actually very common structures. So, maybe it would be a good idea to memorize these couple of cases not to interfere with your learning of commands in Spanish.

Another way of commanding in Spanish is using the following structure: a + infinitivo
¡A jugar!
¡A dormir!





Atención

When the subject is impersonal the infinitive can be used as a command form. It is also very common to find the structure participle + infinitive in the public regulations signs.
Example: 
No fumar / No hablar / No gritar / No hacer ruido / ...
Prohibido fumar / Prohibido nadar / Prohibido jugar a la pelota / ...
Resources:
- Presentation El imperativo [pdf]
- Activity ¡A los pasillos! [pdf]
- Worksheet Imperativo [pdf]
- Poster [jpg]
- Theory, El imperativo [html]
- Gramática intensiva [html]

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