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El Imperfecto: Pasados en español

Los pasados en español son un tema que a veces puede parecer más sencillo de lo que realmente termina siendo. Sobre todo, si el caso es que nuestros estudiantes tienen como primera lengua el inglés, entonces, hay que prestar atención especial a algunos temas concretos. Por ejemplo:

  • La lengua inglesa carece de tiempos verbales que sean exactamente iguales y ocupen la misma función que la oposición entre Imperfecto/Indefinido
  • De todos modos, existen similitudes que pueden usarse positivamente:
    • El Imperfecto en español se suele traducir por el pasado continuo en inglés, aunque en este caso nos encontramos con otro problema, también se traduce por la perífrasis "estar + gerundio"
    • El Indefinido en español se traduce por el pasado simple en inglés
En la presentación se aborda una tarea de descubrimiento para que los estudiantes intenten deducir por sí mismos las terminaciones del Imperfecto a través de la lectura de un texto breve. 
Además, se tratan: formación del Imperfecto, usos, ejes cronológicos para ayudar como apoyo visual a la comprensión del contraste entre Imperfecto e Indefinido y algunas propuestas de actividades.

Education is an ornament in prosperity
a refuge in adversity
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Comparar en español - nivel A

These are the three basic skills a student has to master to score highly in our IB courses:

- Describir
- Comparar
- Reflexionar

This first Presentation is for A1 students or people that is going to have their first meeting with comparisons in Spanish:
After that

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Listening Comprehension - Rutina diaria - El lorito Pedrito

Imagen relacionadaThe listening component has definitely gained presence in our IB classes with the inclusion as an important piece of our assessments. This activity can be used as in-class work or as a flipped classroom tool. I've tried both approaches with good results, probably, my students like it better when assigned as outside of class work.

This activity is based on Daily Routines vocabulary and structures and help students refine their knowledge on this unit.

After finishing this activity you can do multiple follow-up activities, such as:

  • Writing: Describe and sequence the daily routine of the lorito Pedrito paying attention to time connectors/sequencers 
  • Speaking: Talk about how his day look like with a partner and compare it with your daily routine

Related links:

Change is the end result of all true learning
Leo Buscaglia
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Independent learning

There is a debate at a college level whether Independent learning should be included in the first year curriculum, considering it as one of the secrets to success in tertiary education (Rachael Field, James Duffy & Anna Huggins, 2014).  

According to Zimmerman (1986, p. 308), when students are able to self-regulate their learning, they: 

  • have an understanding of their own approach to learning and how best to maximize their learning in the most efficient ways
  • are motivated to take responsibility for their learning 
  • are able to work with others to enhance the depth and breadth of their learning
I personally think that is a skill that should be learned at a secondary level as well. And for doing this, we have to adapt the idea and the resources to our learners. This presentation is my adaptation, a simple way of introducing our learners to their independence in our Spanish class.

If you put this into practice in your class, please contact me and let me know how it went.

There are more ways of motivating our students to be more independent, if you are interested in this approach, check these posts below:

  • Independent Learning Skills, Self-Determination Theory and Psychological Well-being: Strategies for Supporting the First Year University Experience [pdf]
  • Independent learning: a literature review and a new project [pdf]
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Appetizers: "Fotolabras"

I keep working on appetizers as it seems to be a great way of engaging my students at the beginning of the class. 

This time, I come with a combination of some simple ideas, visuals and connections to learn words. Visuals are most of the time the best shortcut when it comes to something we can zip in an image and connections are a very good way of helping our students to make associations and acquire words easier in the long term. Connections are usually based on antonyms, synonyms, cognates, etc. but if you find more, do not hesitate to put them into practice, your students will thank this practice.

Human beings are curious by nature

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Paper 2 / Listening Comprehension / Texto B: Sandra, mi maleta para irme a Francia

First, your students (and might be also possible, that us, teachers are too) might be anxious about listening comprehension because is a new component added to the Ab Initio course, so we have to deal with the uncertainty of being assessed for the first time, not having grade boundaries to rely on, etc.

Because of this, it is important to present these activities in a very comprehensive way to our students, I highly recommend to do pre and post listening activities to help them approach this component and consolidate their learning.

Text A / Up to 2 min
Speaker: Sandra
Origin: Mexico
Audio: 2:04 s

A possible pre-listening activity: write some
questions on the board, such as
¿Quién? ¿Qué? ¿Cuándo? ¿Dónde? ¿Por qué?
Give your class a topic and ask them to write
as many answers as they can in two minutes

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Paper 2 / Listening Comprehension / Text A: Una tarde con mis amigos

First, your students might (surely) be anxious about listening because a lot of them think they won’t be able to understand anything and that natives speak so fast and with expressions and slang, etc

In order to control that anxiety that may arise I suggest starting off with some simple listening games. We are going to break up activities in pre-listening activities, while-listening activities and post-listening activities.

Listen to Orel from Cuba and answer the questions.

Text A / Up to 1 min
Speaker: Orel
Origin: Cuba
Audio: 25 seconds

Remember that is important to expose your
students to different accents and that is really
productive to work pre and post listening activities

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ab Initio Unit: Cuestiones sociales

This unit is perfect to explore and compare with other cultures controversial topics such as gender role, homeless, stereotypes, public health care or justice.

The suggested topics are:
  • Cuestiones de género
  • Desempleo
  • Desigualdad
  • Discriminación
  • Drogas
  • Estereotipos
  • Matrimonio
  • Personas sin techo (sin casa)
  • Reglas y reglamentos
  • Salud pública
  • Sistema judicial
Start off reviewing/learning some vocabulary with Quizlet:

Gender equality is more than a goal in itself.
It is a precondition for meeting the challenge of reducing poverty, promoting sustainable development and building good governance.
- Kofi Annan
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Ab Initio Unit: Alimentación y consumo de bebidas

This unit is simple to connect to working places, commands in Spanish, international mindedness through different types of food, recipes, etc.
An activity that is fun and works fine for this unit is the usage of realia to represent a play or a role-play in restaurants, grocery stores, etc.
Is also great to practice interactive oral skills with your students having them have conversations, dialogues centered in this topic.

Start with Quizlet to review/learn the vocabulary and then jump below to find activities ;)

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ab Initio Unit: Ocio

In this unit you can talk basically about two sub-topics:
  • Tiempo libre
  • Deportes
I recommend practicing interactive oral activities in this unit as it is really easy to use or to come up during our IA. As a general conversation topic you can always talk about what you do in your free time, after school, etc.




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